Lower genital tract infection: a community-based approach study
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Nguyen, V. Q. H., Tran, D. T., & Le, M. T. (2023). Lower genital tract infection: a community-based approach study. Tạp Chí Phụ sản, 21(1), 59-65. https://doi.org/10.46755/vjog.2023.1.1554

Tóm tắt

Introduction and objectives: Infections of the lower vaginal tract are one of the most prevalent diseases affecting women, and can cause not only acute illness but also complications and sequelae. This study aims to to determine the epidemiology and some related factors of lower genital tract infections in the community of Quang Tri province.

Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with 1010 women aged 21 to 65 who had sex in 12 communes in three districts of Quang Tri province (Hai Lang, Trieu Phong and Gio Linh). The information was gathered between July 2019 and July 2020. Participants were inspected to determine the condition of the cervix and vagina, and to collect cervical/vaginal swab samples for wet mount evaluation by a parasitologist.

Results: Itching was the most prevalent gynecological symptom (21.8%), followed by abnormal discharge (2.7% ). The macroscopic appearance of the cervix in 46.8% of patients was normal. Positive wet mount results were observed in 59.6% of cases. The most prevalent disorder was accounted for bacterial vaginosis (86.0%), followed by Candida species (13.7%) and parasites (0.3%). Positive wet mount microscopy results were associated with IUD (OR=0.699, 95% CI: 0.526 - 0.928) and farming occupation (OR=0.719, 95% CI: 0.554 - 0.932) (p<0.05).

Conclusions: Lower genital tract infections are caused by a variety of pathogens and influenced by a number of variables, with bacterial pathogens being the most prevalent. The results of the study provide further clinical and epidemiological data that may aid in enhancing the quality of treatment for infections of the lower genital tract.

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Tài liệu tham khảo

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