Objectives: To determine the prevalence of low genital tract colonization by Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma and its association with bacterial vaginosis
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study carry on 802 women who were visited at Vinmec International Hospital from January 2021 to January 2022. M. genitalium, M. hominis, U. urealyticum, U. parvum in low genital tract sample were detected by Realtime - PCR method. Diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis based on microbiological morphology according to Nugent score. Abnormal cases are treated and followed.
Results: The prevalence of M. genitalium was 1.6% (95%CI: 0.9 - 2.8), M. hominis was 5.0% (95%CI: 3.6 – 6.8), U. urealyticum was 13.1% (95%CI: 10.7 - 15.9) and U. parvum was 36.0% (95%CI: 32.0 - 40.4). Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma present in lower genital tract samples were not associated with clinical symptoms. The rate of bacterial vaginosis was 4.7% and it was not associated with the presence of M. genitalium, M. hominis, U. urealyticum, U. parvum in low genital tract.
Conclusion: The prevalence of Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma in the genital tract is relatively low and it was not associated with bacterial vaginosis.
Tài liệu tham khảo
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